Posts by Stefan Caliniuc:


Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2): 221-222 Vladimir SAZONOV, Peeter ESPAK, Andreas JOHANDI ABSTRACT Several papers published in this volume were presented at the conference Formative Tendencies in Near Eastern Religions and Ideologies in Beirut, Lebanon, in April 2019. The conference was organized by the Centre for Oriental Studies of the University of Tartu and the Finnish Institute in the Middle East.   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

Interview with Professor Ashley Dumas – University of West Alabama

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 213-220 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-11 Vasile DIACONU Interview with Professor Ashley Dumas – University of West Alabama Prof. Ashley Dumas has a rich career and a significant scientific repertory. A graduate of the University of South Alabama (1996), Prof. Dumas earned her Ph.D. from the University of Alabama in 2007 with the topic “The Role of Salt in the Late Woodland to Mississippian Transition in Southwest Alabama.” She later served as an assistant researcher at the Center for Archaeological Studies, and as an Assistant Instructor, at the Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Social Work, University of South Alabama. Between 2009 and 2014 she was Assistant Director of the Black Belt Museum in the Division of Educational Outreach and Assistant Professor of Anthropology at the Department of History and Social Sciences, University of West Alabama. Afterwards, until 2016, she held the position of Assistant Professor of Anthropology, at(…)

L’éducation chez les anciens Israélites. Une analyse de la perspective de la pédagogie moderne

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 199-212 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-10 Bogdan Constantin NECULAU ABSTRACT The present study aims to show sequences of the life of the inhabitants of ancient Palestine (the ancient Israelites, having Abraham as their ancestor), with particular emphasis on education and training: educators, strategies, forms, contents, etc. In particular, we will use the scriptural texts of the Old Testament, from which we will extract the information we need and which will serve as a basis for that presented. Our objective is to present the way in which education was transmitted and assimilated at that time, in accordance with the cultural traditions, with the mentality and with the customs of the time and of the people of Israel, but also to offer an analysis from the perspective of modern pedagogy, with arguments on the validity or limits of certain elements. The study will also make reference to aspects related to(…)

A Dacian soldier from Mauretania Caesariensis. The case of Decineus and his frater

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 191-198 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-9 Casian GĂMĂNUȚ ABSTRACT An epitaph discovered at Sour Djouab, Algeria, was erected by Decineus, who names himself the brother of the deceased, for a certain veteran named Fulvius Felix. The death of the latter occurred, most probably, towards the end of the 2nd century AD. Despite the doubts about the biological tie between Decineus and his frater, the presence of a Dacian anthroponym at that time in an extremely militarized area of the Roman Empire is enough to raise curiosity regarding the career of this soldier. The author makes use of historical context and archaeological data in order to understand, at least in general lines, how the career of Decineus evolved. This paper aims to reconstruct, as much as possible, the life and military activity of Decineus, as well as to answer questions concerning his recruitment, belonging to an auxiliary unit and(…)

New information on roman monetary discoveries in the vicinity of the Tropaeum Traiani (com. Adamclisi, county Constanța) in the context of the second century AD

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 173-189 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-8 Gabriel Mircea TALMAȚCHI, Cristian CEALERA ABSTRACT The authors analyze a monetary hoard fragment found in 2012 that was only partially recovered. The hoard was located at a distance of approximately four km, in a straight line of the western gate of the Roman- Byzantine fortress Tropaeum Traiani. The 36 recovered coins are Roman Imperial denarii struck between the years 100 and 169/170 AD and belong to the following issuers: Traianus, Hadrianus, Antoninus Pius, Diva Faustina and Marcus Aurelius. If this structure given by the issuers respects the general composition of the hoard, it can be assumed that the hoard was hidden in the context of the events that developed in 170 AD, known as the military and robbery incursion lead by the Costoboci people in the Balkan Peninsula. Epigraphical and archaeological evidence regarding the impact of the incursion were found in Tropaeum(…)

Territorial modelling using Ancient viticulture parameters in Roman Times. A case study in the betic colony of Hasta Regia

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 147-171 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-7 Pedro TRAPERO FERNÁNDEZ ABSTRACT This article analyses the Roman viticulture in Hasta Regia colony, southwest of the Iberian Peninsula, as an ideal place to model historical and economic conditioning factors of this activity. We propose a model that includes an analysis of the territory, the “Riparian” resources necessary for the vineyard, the conditioning factors of the ancient vineyard and finally the economic implications that derive from it. The method allows us to get closer to the management of this economic reality, as well as being able to check whether the various estimates are correct.   KEYWORDS ancient viticulture, GIS analysis, Hasta Regia colony, quantitative method   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

Manipulating the Past: Antiquarian Comments in Cicero’s De Haruspicum responso

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 133-145 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-6 Konstantinos ARAMPAPASLIS ABSTRACT This article identifies antiquarian excerpts in De Haruspicum responso and discusses their function with respect to Cicero’s argumentation. The arrangement of the material by subject aptly illustrates how thematically connected passages can serve multiple purposes within individual arguments. The analysis of each passage reveals Cicero’s manipulation of antiquarian information with the intention of tarnishing Clodius’ image or extoling himself and the senate. Through the implicit comparison with the actions and customs of the ancestors, the orator further achieves a broader goal, i.e. to sketch his opponent as a public enemy and himself as a statesman in defense of the respublica. All these excerpts gradually serve the main purpose of successfully elevating his personal case into a matter of state significance.   KEYWORDS antiquarianism, rhetoric, Cicero, De haruspicum responso, manipulation, Clodius Pulcher   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

Arse-Saguntum, la ciudad de los dos nombres

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 109-132 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-5 María José ESTARÁN TOLOSA ABSTRACT One of the most notable features of ancient Sagunto (Valencia) is its toponymic duality, especially remarkable in coin legends from the 130s BCE onwards, which is an exceptional fact for Hispania Citerior, in both qualitative and quantitative terms. Both toponyms, Arse and Saguntum, are not simultaneously attested in other sources: they are virtually absent in Republican epigraphy and literature only mentions the second one, in diverse variants. This paper analyses the data relative to this double toponymy in order to historically contextualize this phenomenon, linking it with the Latinization of the city and its explicit movements towards Rome during the 2nd and 1st centuries BCE, a process that we propose to articulate in four main milestones, according to the preserved documents. Besides, this paper offers an explanation to the prevalence of the toponym Saguntum (of local origin(…)