Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 5-80 Valentin-Codrin Chirica, Iași Institute of Archaeology, Romanian Academy – Iași branch, George Bodi, Iași Institute of Archaeology, Romanian Academy – Iași branch, Vasile Chirica, Iași Institute of Archaeology, Romanian Academy – Iași branch, ABSTRACT We can notice that the idea that we are trying to assign to prehistoric man, that is the sacredness condition, which represents a specific feature and is manifested by voluntary deeds and actions, such as the artistic creation and the funeral phenomenon, was a specific feature of the social life of prehistoric communities. Regarding the so various burial practices, understood as representative for the will of the community members, the social relations between them, a certain state of religiosity and continuity in the prehistoric environments, we try to differentiate between ritual space and sacred space; ritual space cannot be permanently equated, especially for the localizations of its manifestations, to the(…)
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 81-91 Iharka Szücs-Csillik, Astronomical Observatory, Cluj-Napoca, Alexandra Comșa, “Vasile Pârvan” Institute of Archaeology, Bucharest, ABSTRACT Alignment is a static orientation of some objects, or set of objects, in relation to others. In archaeoastronomy we can separate stone alignments (stone rows) and alignments connected with orientation (e.g. graves, or skeletons orientation). The object of our research is to emphasize the importance of orientation in the Neolithic time, which we can determine by using a magnetic compass. Our collected data led us to conclude that solar observation was the determinant of orientation. More particularly, the rising of the sun above the horizon and possibly, though less frequently, the setting sun, provided the alignment. It was possible to show a close correlation with sunrise, or sunset at feast days, that is, the day on which the venerated God was celebrated, at Easter and on true east, determined by(…)
The article is a sequence of a wider research concerning Late Bronze Age habitat in the basin of the Bârlad river (Eastern part of Romania). Though there are known few similar papers, the novelty of this one is given by the detailed analysis, whose main result is obtaining a wider perspective on a less studied region. The starting point is the database that recorded the Noua culture’s sites from the specified region. From the purpuses of this article, I emphasise the identification of strategies used by Late Bronze Age communities to adapt to the peculiarities of the studied region.
Changing paper documentation into digital one, guarantees easy access and transmission of information about archaeological sites and helps in creating new, more accurate data, which was not possible previously . An Archaeological Information System (abbreviation AIS) created from the digitized paper documentation should be easy put to use, enables quick and effective management of previously collected materials, and should allow the comparison of analysis, description of features and inventory of artifacts . Digitalization should also permit the visualization of the results in an understandable and interesting way. The documentation presented here comes from site Altdorf „Am Friedhof” in Germany and was made in traditional way. During excavation archaeologist discovered an early Celtic settlement, along with numerous deposits of daub, bone and pottery . All finds were documented in three dimensions, which allowed the use of GIS during interpretation of the results. This paper presents, point by point, the steps of computing a paper documentation to a digital one, and then creating an Archaeological Information System of the archaeological site.
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 125-126 Lucrețiu Mihăilescu-Bîrliba, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, ABSTRACT The author presents a prosopographical note on Valerii mentioned in the inscription ISM V, 137 from Troesmis (Moesia Inferior), which consists in a list of freed soldiers at 134 AD. Autorul prezintă o notă prosopografică a persoanelor cu gentiliciul Valerius din inscripţia ISM V, 137 de la Troesmis (Moesia Inferior), inscripţie care conţine listă a militarilor lăsaţi la vatră în anul 134 p. Chr. KEYWORDS Troesmis, legio V Macedonica, Valerii. FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 127-160 Ionuț Acrudoae, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, ABSTRACT The Roman Imperial Navy from the first three centuries AD played a minor part from the military perspective, but from a social point of view, it helped in the incorporation of Barbarian populations in the Empire. The Pannonians represented a considerable percentage of the soldiers recruited in the fleet of Misenum and Ravenna during the Early Empire, among the Thracians, Dalmatians, Egyptians, or Syrians. In this case, our prosopographical analysis will underline the part taken by the Pannonians in the Roman Fleet, considerations about their ethnic or provincial origins, and some outlines of social, military, and demographical study. Flota imperială romană din primele trei secole p.Chr. a jucat un rol minor pe plan militar dar, din punct de vedere social, a ajutat la integrarea populaţiilor barbare în Imperiu. Pannonii au reprezentat, pe lângă thraci, dalmaţi,(…)
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 161-193 Menahem Mor, University of Haifa, ABSTRACT The author focuses his research on four main subjects concerning the Bar-Kokhba revolt: (1) Hadrian’s promise to rebuild the Temple, (2) the ban on circumcision, (3) the Foundation of Aelia Capitolina and (4) Bar Kokhba’s leadership. Autorul îşi concentrează analiza asupra a 4 puncte importante privind revolta lui Bar-Kokhba: (1) promisiunea lui Hadrian de a reconstrui templul din Ierusalim, (2) interzicerea circumciziei, (3) întemeierea Aeliei Capitolina, (4)conducerea lui Bar Kokhba. KEYWORDS Bar-Kokhba revolt, ban of circumcision, foundation of Aelia Capitolina. FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 195-211 Rada Varga, Centre for Roman Studies, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, ABSTRACT The current research focuses on a very specific class of funerary monuments from province Dacia: those in which absolutely no professional, social or status mentioning existed for neither deceased nor commemorator. The characters thus registered mainly represent part of what we would define as the economical and social middle class of the provincial society. Without being totally out of borders, their epigraphic behaviour is slightly different from that of other groups, classes or categories registered so far, underlining once again the necessity of a flexible and manifold approach when studying the layers of Roman society. L’objet de la présente étude est constitué par une catégorie particulière des monuments funéraires de la province romaine de la Dacie: ceux qui ne mentionnent aucun détail professionnel, social ou de statut concernant le défunt ou les personnes s’étant(…)
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 213-244 Raluca Dragostin, University of Bucharest, ABSTRACT The author analysis not only the Italian names in Roman Dacia, but also the manner in which their bearers have come in this province. She has distinguished four categories of such gentilicia, taking into account the historical circumstances which allowed the penetration of Italic gentilicia in this province: – gentilicia directly related to colonization in the time of founding of the province Dacia; – gentilicia related to interprovincial immigration; – gentilicia adopted by the population of Dacia by juridical reasons; – gentilicia brought by soldiers and officials of Roman administration in Dacia. Like in case of imperial gentilicia, the onomastic study of Italic gentilicia does not allow an comparative approach (the proportion between the native population and the immigrants). Even that for a considerable number of Italic gentilicia bearers, we cannot state from where and how they came(…)
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 245-279 Juan Ramón Carbó García, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, ABSTRACT An analysis of female religious preferences in the context of the cults of eastern origin is performed on these pages because of the need for specific studies on cults preferred by each social group in the provincial life of Roman Dacia. It should be a contribution to the objective of achieving a better perspective and understanding of the followers of each cult and the general structure of the religious life in the Dacian provinces. Autorul prezintă o analiză a preferinţelor religioase ale femeilor din Dacia romană în contextul cultelor de origine orientală. Articolul se poate dovedi util în perspectiva unei mai bune înţelegeri a practicanţilor fiecărui cult în parte şi a structurii generale a vieţii religioase din provinciile dacice. KEYWORDS women, Dacia, society, religion, oriental cults, Cybele, Isis, Azizos, Deus Aeternus FULL(…)
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 281-300 Maurizio Buora, Società Friulana di Archeologia, ABSTRACT The author realizes a critical discussion on a recent exhibition catalogue about luxury objects at Apulum. Autorul analizează critic un recent catalog de expoziţie despre obiectele de lux de la Apulum. KEYWORDS Roman luxury objects, Roman Dacia, Apulum FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 301-317 Tincuța Cloșcă, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi, ABSTRACT To the bloody persecutions applied by the Roman Empire to the Christians were added to the attacks the Christians had to take from the representatives of the contemporary culture and especially from the sophist oratory. This cultural offensive led to a new issue, that is, the way in which the religious truths (acquired by reading, studying and understanding the Bible) were supposed to be revealed. Therefore, the Christian writers tried to state some ”theories and paradigms”, regarding the way the truths of faith should be revealed to an audience, educated not only according to the standards and the norms of the Greek education, but also in a corrupt way, according to the speeches of profan orators. This is why, we intend to emphasize the attitude of the Latin Fathers of the Church from the 2nd(…)
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 319-340 Marian Mocanu, Institute of Eco-Museal Researches, Tulcea, ABSTRACT In the following, we shall focus on the tableware ceramic produced in the workshops located within the contemporary Tunisia and which was traded up to Danube. This article aims to show the results of archaeological research undertaken in the last decades in the Roman sites from Dobrogea, Romania. In our work to make the inventory of the forms of the “African Red Slip Ware” tableware, discovered in Scythia Minor, we identified 20 forms, some of which, especially those from the 5th and the 6th century, were found in many variants. The earliest one is the Hayes form 27 from the second half of the 2nd century, and the latest one is the Hayes form 105, dated in the first half of the 7th century. Following the discoveries of tableware imported from the North Africa to Scythia(…)
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 341-349 Constantin-Ionuț Mihai, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, ABSTRACT The excerpt from Ammianus Marcellinus, Res gestae 15.5.23, where the Roman historian reproduces one of Cicero’s sayings, without mentioning its reference, was considered by Alberto Grilli to belong to the dialogue Hortensius. Though the Italian philologist had identified in this excerpt a series of motives common to other fragments from this dialogue (as for example the varietas fortunae or the critical analysis of the false goods which are not in our power), his interpretation remained a singular one. Until now no other scholar had supported Grilli’s interpretation. The quarrel of interpretations regarding this passage will be the starting point of this article in which I will try to advance a new reading of the excerpt from Res gestae 15.5.23 (= Hort. fr. 63 Grilli). The new reading will be done from the perspective of the(…)
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 351-375 Cristian Olariu, University of Bucharest, ABSTRACT After Mussolini has become the leader of Italy, Romanità increasingly starts to invade fascist propaganda. Romanità helped the promotion of imperial policies of the regime and in fact meant that the „spirit of the ancient Romans” was reborn in modern Italians. The Mostra Archeologica of 1911 played an important role in the promotion of ancient Rome and it’s values among the modern Italians. The Fascists used even further the concept of Romanità. By reshaping Rome and promotion through exhibitions of Augustus they tried to connect themselves with the founder of the Roman Empire. The glorious traditions of imperial Rome were reused to give legitimacy to a dictator who, increasingly, considered himself the incarnation of Augustus, but ultimately failed. Autorul prezintă modul în care propaganda mussoliniană a utilizat simbolurile şi valorile vechii Rome, prin promovarea conceptului de Romanità, pentru(…)
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 377-388 Daniele Vittorio Piacente, Università di Bari Aldo Moro, ABSTRACT The concept of restoration of a property to us moderns seems clear enough, but in ancient times was often confused with that of reconstruction. During the long period of decline first and then the dissolution of the Roman Empire, even the public buildings were in a state of serious decline and were therefore in need of significant and expensive restoration work. The Theodosian Code governs the legislation on public works in a specific way, where maintenance and restoration are preferred for reconstruction. Il concetto di restauro di un immobile per noi moderni appare sufficientemente chiaro, mentre nell’antichità veniva sovente confuso con quello di ricostruzione. Durante la lunga fase prima di declino e poi di dissoluzione dell’impero romano, anche gli immobili pubblici versavano in una situazione di grave decadenza ed erano perciò bisognosi di rilevanti e(…)