Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 5-80 Valentin-Codrin Chirica, IaČi Institute of Archaeology, Romanian Academy – IaČi branch, George Bodi, IaČi Institute of Archaeology, Romanian Academy – IaČi branch,Â Vasile Chirica, IaČi Institute of Archaeology, Romanian Academy – IaČi branch,Â ABSTRACT We can notice that the idea that we are trying to assign to prehistoric man, that is the sacredness condition, which represents a specific feature and is manifested by voluntary deeds and actions, such as the artistic creation and the funeral phenomenon, was a specific feature of the social life of prehistoric communities. Regarding the so various burial practices, understood as representative for the will of the community members, the social relations between them, a certain state of religiosity and continuity in the prehistoric environments, we try to differentiate between ritual space and sacred space; ritual space cannot be permanently equated, especially for the localizations of its manifestations, to the(…)
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 81-91 Iharka SzĂźcs-Csillik, Astronomical Observatory, Cluj-Napoca,Â Alexandra ComČa, “Vasile PĂ˘rvan” Institute of Archaeology, Bucharest, ABSTRACT Alignment is a static orientation of some objects, or set of objects, in relation to others. In archaeoastronomy we can separate stone alignments (stone rows) and alignments connected with orientation (e.g. graves, or skeletons orientation). The object of our research is to emphasize the importance of orientation in the Neolithic time, which we can determine by using a magnetic compass. Our collected data led us to conclude that solar observation was the determinant of orientation. More particularly, the rising of the sun above the horizon and possibly, though less frequently, the setting sun, provided the alignment. It was possible to show a close correlation with sunrise, or sunset at feast days, that is, the day on which the venerated God was celebrated, at Easter and on true east, determined by(…)
Coping with the landscape: subsistence strategies of Late Bronze Age communities within the BĂ˘rlad basin, Eastern Romania
The article is a sequence of a wider research concerning Late Bronze Age habitat in the basin of the BĂ˘rlad river (Eastern part of Romania). Though there are known few similar papers, the novelty of this one is given by the detailed analysis, whose main result is obtaining a wider perspective on a less studied region. The starting point is the database that recorded the Noua cultureâs sites from the specified region. From the purpuses of this article, I emphasise the identification of strategies used by Late Bronze Age communities to adapt to the peculiarities of the studied region.
Digitalizing paper documentation â on the example of an early Celtic settlement Altdorf âAm Friedhofâ in Germany, in the program Arcview
Changing paper documentation into digital one, guarantees easy access and transmission of information about archaeological sites and helps in creating new, more accurate data, which was not possible previously . An Archaeological Information System (abbreviation AIS) created from the digitized paper documentation should be easy put to use, enables quick and effective management of previously collected materials, and should allow the comparison of analysis, description of features and inventory of artifacts . Digitalization should also permit the visualization of the results in an understandable and interesting way. The documentation presented here comes from site Altdorf âAm Friedhofâ in Germany and was made in traditional way. During excavation archaeologist discovered an early Celtic settlement, along with numerous deposits of daub, bone and pottery . All finds were documented in three dimensions, which allowed the use of GIS during interpretation of the results. This paper presents, point by point, the steps of computing a paper documentation to a digital one, and then creating an Archaeological Information System of the archaeological site.
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 125-126 LucreČiu MihÄilescu-BĂŽrliba, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of IaČi, ABSTRACT The author presents a prosopographical note on Valerii mentioned in the inscription ISM V, 137 from Troesmis (Moesia Inferior), which consists in a list of freed soldiers at 134 AD. Autorul prezintÄ o notÄ prosopograficÄ a persoanelor cu gentiliciul Valerius din inscripĹŁia ISM V, 137 de la Troesmis (Moesia Inferior), inscripĹŁie care conĹŁine listÄ a militarilor lÄsaĹŁi la vatrÄ ĂŽn anul 134 p. Chr. KEYWORDS Troesmis, legio V Macedonica, Valerii. FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)
Militaries from Pannonia in the imperial fleet at Misenum and Ravenna (first-third centuries AD). Prosopographical aspects
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 127-160 IonuČ Acrudoae, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of IaČi, ABSTRACT The Roman Imperial Navy from the first three centuries AD played a minor part from the military perspective, but from a social point of view, it helped in the incorporation of Barbarian populations in the Empire. The Pannonians represented a considerable percentage of the soldiers recruited in the fleet of Misenum and Ravenna during the Early Empire, among the Thracians, Dalmatians, Egyptians, or Syrians. In this case, our prosopographical analysis will underline the part taken by the Pannonians in the Roman Fleet, considerations about their ethnic or provincial origins, and some outlines of social, military, and demographical study. Flota imperialÄ romanÄ din primele trei secole p.Chr. a jucat un rol minor pe plan militar dar, din punct de vedere social, a ajutat la integrarea populaĹŁiilor barbare ĂŽn Imperiu. Pannonii au reprezentat, pe lĂ˘ngÄ thraci, dalmaĹŁi,(…)