Posts by Stefan Caliniuc:

Sumerischer Widerstand gegen semitische Herrschaft Migration, Machtkämpfe und Demographie im 3. Jahrtausend v. Chr.

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 28(1): 11-40 Walter Sommerfeld DOI: 10.47743/saa-2022-28-1-2 ABSTRACT This study deals with historical and demographic aspects from the early history of Mesopotamia. 1 The history of the immigration of the Semites in the 3rd millennium B.C. is presented from the oldest evidence to the domination of the Akkadian Empire (ca. 2900-2300). Especially the names of persons and places are informative. The integration into the autochthonous Sumerian society seems to have proceeded largely without conflict. 2 After the Semitic dynasty of Akkade had gained dominance for about 150 years around 2300, there are detailed reports about several large uprisings in Sumer. Their backgrounds are analysed. 3 From the detailed data on the high numbers of victims, the question of the consequences for Sumerian society arises. Various methods of historical demography are presented, the results of research are referred to, conclusions on population density are attempted, and strategies for(…)

Same or different? Interdisciplinary analyses on the Costișa and Monteoru pottery from Siliștea-Pe Cetățuie settlement

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2)-Supplement: 158-193 Ana DROB, Neculai BOLOHAN, Bogdan RĂȚOI, Sebastian DROB DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-3-9 ABSTRACT The archaeometric study of prehistoric pottery is an effective tool for investigating this abundant category of artifacts from an archaeological site. In this study, the physicochemical analyses used are optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), coupled with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) and Micro-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (μFTIR). Through these techniques were studied 48 ceramic fragments belonging to the Costișa and Monteoru ceramic groups from the Middle Bronze Age settlement from Siliștea-Pe Cetățuie. Also, the ceramic fragments were investigated macroscopically, using criteria such as color, production technique, type, size, functionality and category of the vessel. The obtained results provided important data related to the ceramic technologies of the two communities from the studied settlement.   KEYWORDS pottery, archaeometric analysis, Middle Bronze Age, OM, SEM-EDX, μFTIR   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

Drajna type bronze axe (Nackenknaufäxte) from Eastern Romania

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2)-Supplement: 142-157 Vasile DIACONU DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-3-8 ABSTRACT The author presents in this article an exceptional bronze piece, accidentally discovered on the territory of Țibucani village, Neamț County. It is an axe belonging to the Drajna type, whose usual area of spatial distribution corresponds to the northwestern part of Romania and the northeastern Hungary. In order to create an overview all the analogies from the Romanian territory are presented. From a chronological point of view, Drajna type axes are specific to the Late Bronze Age (Bz D) and appear mainly in metal hoards. The specimen from Țibucani distinguishes by the meandering decoration from it’s edge, which finds good analogies on other bronze axes, or on some bone and antler objects, discovered mainly in the area of Noua culture. As its features indicate, the axe that we discussed constitutes an object of prestige, that reached the area east(…)

Guarding what? A Middle Bronze Age fortification near Moldova River Valley

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2)-Supplement: 131-141 Alexandru GAFINCU, Vasile DIACONU DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-3-7 ABSTRACT This study aims to present a fortified settlement located near Subcarpathian area, at a small distance from Moldova River Valley (Eastern Romania). The site was known in the archaeological literature but because of the inconclusiveartifactsthe cultural and chronological association was mistaken. Placed in a dominant position and protected by two defensive ditches, the archaeological site belongs to the Middle Bronze Age period, Costișa culture. In the close proximity, was discovered an unfortified settlement, with contemporaneous artifacts, and the relation between these two sites it is indisputable.   KEYWORDS Subcarpathian, Middle Bronze Age, fortification, surveillance.   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

New discoveries concerning the end of the Bronze Age in Jijia catchment

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2)-Supplement: 104-130 Casandra BRAȘOVEANU, Radu-Alexandru BRUNCHI DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-3-6 ABSTRACT The research aims to introduce into the scientific circuit a significant number of settlements specific to Late Bronze Age, which present ashmounds on the soil surface, identified using aerial images and LiDAR measurements. The subsequent verification of the settlements and the identification of archeological material allowed a precise chronological and cultural framing of the 72 sites.   KEYWORDS Late Bronze Age, Noua, settlements, ashmounds, aerial photographs, LiDAR.   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

A forgotten cemetery at the edge of Lake Brateş. Funerary finds unearthed in the area of Vînători-La Jolică archaeological site

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2)-Supplement: 84-103 Tudor MANDACHE, Adrian ADAMESCU, Sorin Cristian AILINCĂI DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-3-5 ABSTRACT This paper presents the preliminary study of a cemetery, dated between the second half of the XVIth century and the beginning of the XVIIth century, uncovered in the northern part of the Vînători-La Jolică archaeological site area. The site was first excavated in 1972-1974 by archaeologists M. Florescu and M. Nicu, when, among other discoveries, they managed to identify a previously unknown “feudal” necropolis. Unfortunately, none of these findings have ever been rigorously published, only mentioned. The present article strives to continue the effort of publishing inedited materials and archaeological contexts that are part of the new excavations carried out in the Vînători-La Jolică dig site which refer, at this time, to the Late Mediaeval/premodern period.   KEYWORDS Vînători-La Jolică, Galați County, cemetery, grave goods, Late Medieval period, premodern period.   FULL ARTICLE Download(…)

Hortfund – Einzelfund – Einstückhort. Versuch einer Begriffsschärfung anhand des Beispiels der rumänischen Tüllenbeile

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2)-Supplement: 71-83 Oliver DIETRICH DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-3-4 ABSTRACT Single finds have so far often been neglected by archaeologists. This is partly based on a terminological fuzziness: the category ‘single find‘ is often not clearly differentiated from artefacts without information on find circumstances. The present paper used the Bronze Age socketed axes from Romania as a case study to show the potential value of real single finds (i.e. artefacts that have securely been found isolated). Mapping of single finds and hoards with socketed axes results in a complementary spatial patterning – regions with single finds and hoards exclude one another. This speaks clearly against an interpretation of single axes as lost objects. The find contexts of some single finds further sustain another interpretation, that of depositions of a single object.   KEYWORDS Bronze Age, hoard, single find, socketed axe   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)