Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 22(1): 5–18
Alina BINȚINȚAN, Mihai GLIGOR
The present paper uses the parameters revealed by archaeometric investigations of the Foeni group Early Eneolithic pottery from Alba Iulia–Lumea Nouă site, in order to make possible the experimental reconstruction of the black-topped pottery local firing technique. The distinctive features of this fineware category are the well burnished red body, with black (sometimes metallic) look on the rim, as well as on the pot interior. The results indicate the chromatic effect is due to the controlled mixed firing, oxidation and reduction atmosphere, in one step operation technique. This process was carried out using an updraught kiln with a circular base having 0.80 m in diameter and a height of 0.90 m. During firings the temperatures reached did not exceed the temperature indicated by the analyses (700–850°C), and both firing atmospheres had been achieved simultaneously. The experimental samples resembled Foeni vessels completely. The most important aspect of the firing method which we used is the fact that the results are controllable and repeatable.
În acest articol se utilizează parametrii investigaţiei arheometrice a ceramicii din aşezarea de la Alba Iulia–Lumea Nouă, aparţinând grupului cultural Foeni din eneoliticul timpuriu, cu scopul de a face posibilă reconstituirea experimentală a tehnicii de ardere a ceramicii cu glazură neagră. Aspectul cel mai important al acestui experiment îl reprezintă faptul că rezultatele sunt controlabile şi repetabile.
kiln, pottery, black-topped, mixed firing, Early Eneolithic, Transylvania