From Dacian Hillforts to Roman Forts: Making of the Roman Frontier on Mid-Olt River Valley

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2)-Supplement: 298-323 Ovidiu ȚENTEA, Florian MATEI-POPESCU, Vlad CĂLINA DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-3-14 ABSTRACT Within this paper, the authors set out to update the latest interpretations on the location of Roman forts along the middle course of the Olt River. With the exception of the Hoghiz fort, all the other forts are located on the right bank of the Olt River. At the same time, information has been added on the presence of the previous Dacian fortifications in this area.   KEYWORDS Roman army, Dacia, Dacian fortifications, forts, limes.   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

Two bronze objects of Western origin in the Saharna microregion, Rezina district, Republic of Moldova

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2)-Supplement: 276-297 Aurel ZANOCI DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-3-13 ABSTRACT In the Saharna microregion (Rezina district, Republic of Moldova), four settlements and one burial attributed to the Holercani-Hansca culture are currently known. In the settlements Saharna Mare / “Dealul Mănăstirii” and Saharna “Rude”, a bronze hairpin of Ösennadel type and a crescent pendant with vertically perforated shank were recently discovered. Both objects have many analogies in Transylvania as well as in Central Europe, being dated within the period Bz D – Ha A1. Along with the finds from Saharna microregion, in the area of the Holercani-Hansca culture, in the sites of Calfa, Holercani, Coșnița and others, other bronze artifacts are known, also of Western origin and having the same chronological markers. Thus, the presence of these objects denotes the connections of the communities from the Prut-Dniester area with Transylvania and Central Europe.   KEYWORDS Prut-Dniester area, Bz D –(…)

An Eastern type bronze needle discovered at Șimleu Silvaniei, Sălaj County

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2)-Supplement: 257-275 Ioan BEJINARIU DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-3-12 ABSTRACT The author publishes a bronze needle with a globular head and four conical knobs placed 3 cm below the head of the piece. The needle stem is made of round section. Dimensions: length – 18.60 cm; globular head diameter – 1.12 cm; the diameter of the bar between the head and the protuberances – 0.60 cm. The needle was accidentally discovered on the high plateaus of “Măgurii Șimleului”, north of the “Observator” point, most likely in the area of the site found at this place. Long-term, systematic and preventive archaeological research has shown that the site has been inhabited for several periods of prehistory, including the Late Bronze Age and the Early Iron Age. V. Dergačev attributes these needles to the Văleni type, stating that they are found both in the composition of some deposits and in the archaeological(…)

A new Late Bronze Age sceptre-pestle discovered at Limanu, Constanța County (SE Romania)

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2)-Supplement: 244-256 Sorin-Cristian AILINCĂI, Florian MIHAIL, Carmen ȘUȘMAN DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-3-11 ABSTRACT Late Bronze Age stone sceptres/pestles are a category of artefacts enjoying a certain distinction, found across a vast area, from the western Black Sea to Central Asia. On this instance, we publish one such object discovered in Limanu, Constanta County (south-eastern Romania), which can be attributed to type II according to the typology established by Nikolaus Boroffka and Eugen Sava. Such sceptres/pestles are mostly made of local rock and can be assigned to the Noua-Sabatinovka-Coslogeni cultures. The low wear and tear of the pieces indicates usage. This may imply that the objects stopped being used shortly after their allocation or that they were used for ceremonial purposes for a short period.   KEYWORDS Dobruja, Limanu, Late Bronze Age, sceptre-pestle, Coslogeni culture.   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

Same or different? Interdisciplinary analyses on the Costișa and Monteoru pottery from Siliștea-Pe Cetățuie settlement

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2)-Supplement: 158-193 Ana DROB, Neculai BOLOHAN, Bogdan RĂȚOI, Sebastian DROB DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-3-9 ABSTRACT The archaeometric study of prehistoric pottery is an effective tool for investigating this abundant category of artifacts from an archaeological site. In this study, the physicochemical analyses used are optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), coupled with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) and Micro-Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (μFTIR). Through these techniques were studied 48 ceramic fragments belonging to the Costișa and Monteoru ceramic groups from the Middle Bronze Age settlement from Siliștea-Pe Cetățuie. Also, the ceramic fragments were investigated macroscopically, using criteria such as color, production technique, type, size, functionality and category of the vessel. The obtained results provided important data related to the ceramic technologies of the two communities from the studied settlement.   KEYWORDS pottery, archaeometric analysis, Middle Bronze Age, OM, SEM-EDX, μFTIR   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

Drajna type bronze axe (Nackenknaufäxte) from Eastern Romania

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2)-Supplement: 142-157 Vasile DIACONU DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-3-8 ABSTRACT The author presents in this article an exceptional bronze piece, accidentally discovered on the territory of Țibucani village, Neamț County. It is an axe belonging to the Drajna type, whose usual area of spatial distribution corresponds to the northwestern part of Romania and the northeastern Hungary. In order to create an overview all the analogies from the Romanian territory are presented. From a chronological point of view, Drajna type axes are specific to the Late Bronze Age (Bz D) and appear mainly in metal hoards. The specimen from Țibucani distinguishes by the meandering decoration from it’s edge, which finds good analogies on other bronze axes, or on some bone and antler objects, discovered mainly in the area of Noua culture. As its features indicate, the axe that we discussed constitutes an object of prestige, that reached the area east(…)

Guarding what? A Middle Bronze Age fortification near Moldova River Valley

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2)-Supplement: 131-141 Alexandru GAFINCU, Vasile DIACONU DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-3-7 ABSTRACT This study aims to present a fortified settlement located near Subcarpathian area, at a small distance from Moldova River Valley (Eastern Romania). The site was known in the archaeological literature but because of the inconclusiveartifactsthe cultural and chronological association was mistaken. Placed in a dominant position and protected by two defensive ditches, the archaeological site belongs to the Middle Bronze Age period, Costișa culture. In the close proximity, was discovered an unfortified settlement, with contemporaneous artifacts, and the relation between these two sites it is indisputable.   KEYWORDS Subcarpathian, Middle Bronze Age, fortification, surveillance.   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

New discoveries concerning the end of the Bronze Age in Jijia catchment

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(2)-Supplement: 104-130 Casandra BRAȘOVEANU, Radu-Alexandru BRUNCHI DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-3-6 ABSTRACT The research aims to introduce into the scientific circuit a significant number of settlements specific to Late Bronze Age, which present ashmounds on the soil surface, identified using aerial images and LiDAR measurements. The subsequent verification of the settlements and the identification of archeological material allowed a precise chronological and cultural framing of the 72 sites.   KEYWORDS Late Bronze Age, Noua, settlements, ashmounds, aerial photographs, LiDAR.   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)