The present study analyses the importance of the Băile Herculane spa resort, based on epigraphic discoveries and cartographic sources. Social mobility, along with the presence of urban elites from various towns, passing through, can shed some light on the renown enjoyed by the Băile Herculane hot springs during the Roman and Late Roman periods. The authors also attempt to research the local religious life, as well as the layout of the settlement’s sacred enclosures, an endeavour never before attempted. The results of such an analysis, in comparison with other spa resorts in Dacia, enables the possibility to understand how the town and its public edifices, dominant during the Roman period, developed, as well as the urban layout of Băile Herculane.
Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 20(1): 307-351 Imola BODA ABSTRACT The aim of this article is to promote and capitalize on the contribution of the19th century Transylvanian cultural elite, to the field of Roman archaeological heritage, namely: colonia Ulpia Traiana Augusta Dacica Sarmizegetusa Metropolis. The archaeological researches carried out between 1881 and 1893 were led by Gábor Téglás and Pál Király. Their work, which will be translated and reinterpreted in the present study, focused on five great Roman structures: the temple of the Palmyrene Gods, Mithras’ sanctuary, the Roman bath, the Roman houses and the amphitheatre. Scopul acestui articol este acela de a promova contribuția elitei culturale din Transilvania secolului al XIX-lea în domeniul arheologiei romane, mai precis săpăturile din colonia Ulpia Traiana Augusta Dacica Sarmizegetusa Metropolis. Cercetările arheologice desfășurate între 1881 și 1893 au fost conduse de Gábor Téglás și Pál Király. Lucrările lor, care vor fi traduse și reinterpretate(…)