The Long-Armed Persian King: Disabled or Powerful Man?

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 28(2): 320-329 Eduard V. RUNG, Aleksandr S. SAPOGOV, Igor V. VOSTRIKOV ABSTRACT This article examines the evidence of ancient authors on the unofficial nicknames of Achaemenid Persian kings. It pays special attention to the interpretation of the nickname of Μακρόχειρ. Two variants are considered for its translation. In the first case, one must talk about the ancient authors’ perceptions of this nickname as relating to a person who had one arm longer than the other. In the second case, the nickname is interpreted metaphorically: it is believed to be used for a ruler who is seeking an extension of his possessions. The possibility of applying the nickname of Μακρόχειρ to each of the three Persian kings – Darius I, Xerxes, and Artaxerxes I – is investigated.   KEYWORDS Nicknames, Artaxerxes, Darius, Xerxes, Achaemenids.   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

Salt Exploitation References in Plinius Maior’s Work

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 28(2): 454-472 Mihaela ASĂNDULESEI ABSTRACT This article aims to approach the work of Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, from the perspective of salt exploitation, highlighting the forms of manifestation, its geographical distribution and briefly the main uses. The motivation of the present paper materialized after going through Pliny’s text, which revealed a subject that lacks fluency to a certain extent. Pliny distinguishes two categories of salt, according to its state, natural and artificial. Thus, a first systematization of the references about salt identified in Naturalis Historia is based on these aspects, highlighting, in thecase of the natural state of theexplored mineral, thesalt lakes, springs or salt mountains and sea water; regarding the artificial state of salt, mentions of salt pans have been documented. Along these, a short excursus regarding the medicinal uses of salt is added, in order to better portray the image of salt in(…)

Barry Strauss, Spartacus War, Humanitas, Bucharest, 2022, 290 p.

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 28(2): 474-477 Alex – Marian CORNEA Book Review We mark the appearance of a publication that deals with a subject of interest to the general public, namely the story of the legendary Spartacus. We look at the issue of slaves in the ancient world, which has inspired novelists and filmmakers over the years. Barry Strauss is a professor at Cornell University and a renowned expert on ancient military history. He has written or edited several works in his sphere of influence: The Fathers and Sons of Athens: Ideology and Society in the Age of Peloponnesian Warfare (Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1993), The Battle of Salamis (Simon&Schuster, New York, 2005), The Trojan War (Simon&Schuster, New York, 2007), Masters of Command (Simon&Schuster, New York, 2012), The Death of Caesar (Simon&Schuster, New York, 2015), and Ten Caesars (Simon&Schuster, New York, 2019).   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

Public Archaeology in Romania: a Review.

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 28(2): 440-452 Radu-Alexandru BRUNCHI ABSTRACT The present paper aims to highlight the Public Archaeology endeavors that were conducted in Romania. Although, at the first glance we cannot identify many papers or platforms that promote Public Archaeology, we will focus our attention towards the archaeological research that was conducted by the public or by the specialists, but with the help of the community.  The typology elaborated by Moshenska & Bonacchi in 2015 represents the backbone on which our study will be built upon, as it provides a clear distinction between all the categories that the vast domain of Public Archaeology reaches. REZUMAT Lucrarea își propune să evidențieze stadiul actual al Arheologiei Publice în România. Deși, la prima vedere, nu putem identifica multe lucrări sau platforme care să promoveze Arheologia Publică, ne vom concentra atenția asupra cercetărilor arheologice care au fost efectuate de către public sau de către(…)

Funerary rite and ritual in the province of Scythia Minor. General characteristics.

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 28(2): 426-439 Laura GHEORGHIU ABSTRACT The author makes an analysis of the funerary archeology in the province of Scythia Minor, in terms of the typology of the tombs, the position and orientation of the skeletons and the funerary inventory. In order to extract some general characteristics related to the funeral rite and ritual, was compiled a database that includes 1357 tombs from 19 necropolises. REZUMAT Autoarea face o analiză asupra arheologiei funerare din provincia Scythia Minor din punct de vedere al tipologiei mormintelor, poziției și orientării scheletelor și al inventarului funerar. Pentru extragerea unor caracacteristici generale legate de rit și ritual funerar a fost alcătuită o bază de date care cuprinde 1357 de morminte provenite din 19 necropole. KEYWORDS funerary archaeology, tombs, funerary rites, Scythia Minor.   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

Poissonniers et Marchands de Poisson Salé dans l’Antiquité Classique

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 28(2): 398-412 Iulia DUMITRACHE Résumé L’ouvrage est une revue des sources littéraires, épigraphiques et papyrologiques qui mentionnent des personnages impliqués, d’une manière ou d’une autre, dans les activités liées à la transformation et à la distribution du poisson salé dans l’Antiquité classique. Si les sources littéraires proviennent majoritairement du milieu hellénophone et présentent notamment la manière dont ces activités ont été reçues dans l’esprit collectif, les autres sont des témoignages du mode de représentation de ces individus, seuls ou au sein d’associations professionnelles. De même, si pour l’ouest du bassin méditerranéen on parle davantage du commerce de poisson salé, les régions orientales, ainsi que le bassin pontique, montrent une plus grande propension aux activités halieutiques, donc liées à la pêche. REZUMAT Lucrarea reprezintă o trecere în revistă a surselor literare, epigrafice și papirologice care menționează personaje implicate, într-un fel sau altul, în activități legate de prelucrarea(…)

Cohors I Pannoniorum Et Delmatarum: Brief Incursion Into The History Of An Ephemeral Auxiliary Unit

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 28(2): 386-396 Ionuţ ACRUDOAE ABSTRACT This study focuses on the brief history of a mixed auxiliary unit within the Roman army: cohors I Pannoniorum et Delmatarum. Founded in the late first century AD, it had a short lifespan of around a century, and the prosopography of the soldiers within this unit mentioned only four persons. The cohort disappeared entirely from the sources after the year 197, in the civil war during the reign of Septimius Severus. REZUMAT Acest studiu se va axa pe scurta istorie a unei unităţi auxiliare mixte a armatei romane: cohors I Pannoniorum et Delmatarum. Constituită la finele secolului I p.Chr., a avut o viaţă scurtă, de aproximativ un secol, iar prosopografia militarilor din această unitate a surprins doar patru persoane. Cohorta a dispărut definitiv din surse după anul 197, în războiul civil din vremea lui Septimius Severus. KEYWORDS mixed auxiliary cohort; Pannonians;(…)

Las últimas emperatrices julio-claudias: estudio de sus imágenes públicas

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 28(2): 354-384 Helena LÓPEZ GÓMEZ ABSTRACT Despite the importance they had in their time, many of the women of the Roman imperial families share a bad image that continues to this day. The pejorative description, present in the accounts of ancient historians, has made these female characters largely unintelligible and it is practically impossible to reach an objective conclusion about their true role in history. The present article aims to offer an analysis of the images of the last empresses of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. We will focus on the wives of Caligula, Claudius and Nero by analyzing the literary evidence we possess about them in order to try to reach a conclusion free of the powerful misogynistic impressions about them that have been provided in the past. To this end, we have taken into account not only the life trajectories of the empresses, but also those(…)