LATEST ARTICLES IN STUDIA ANTIQUA ET ARCHAEOLOGICA

Age rounding and social status in Moesia Inferior

The study overall concerns the age-rounding process in the Latin inscriptions, which has triggered the interest of the researchers starting with the 19th century. The first part of this study deals with the age-rounding process in the province of Moesia Inferior, by comparing the data with those provided for other Lower Danube provinces, differentiated on gender. The second part of this study presents the age-rounding process depending on the legal status of the deceased by using Whipple’s Index. The values of age rounding are close to those obtained for the other Lower Danube provinces. It is worth mentioning that there are more ages ending in 0 and 5 than in other digits. Concerning the legal status, the age-rounding process is less accentuated in the case of citizens and militaries

Two inscriptions from Sarmizegetusa revisited

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 19(1): 79-86 Rada Varga, Centre for Roman Studies, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, ABSTRACT The current work deals with two funerary inscriptions from Sarmizegetusa and the identity of their dedicator. Based on text details, as well as on stylistic and functional characteristics of the monuments, we got to the conclusion that the dedicator of the two epitaphs is the same person: Herculanus, imperial verna and adiutor tabularii in the capital of Dacia. Articolul de faţă are ca obiect de studiu două inscripţii funerare de la Sarmizegetusa şi identitatea dedicantului lor. Bazându-ne pe date extrase din conţinutul textelor, precum şi pe caracteristici stilistice şi funcţionale ale monumentelor, am ajuns la concluzia că cele două epitafuri au acelaşi dedicant : Herculanus, verna imperial şi adiutor tabularii în capitala Daciei.   KEYWORDS CIL III 1468, AE 1959 303, libertus, family relations FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

The ambos of the Christian basilicas within the province of Scythia

Considered an element of Oriental tradition, the ambo is a rare presence within the liturgical furniture in the Christian basilicas of this province situated between the Danube and the Black Sea. The archaeological discoveries have underlined the presence of this essential element within the Christian service, mostly in the centres situated along the western Black Sea coast, both Romanian and Bulgarian (Histria, Tomis, Bizone, Topola). Hence, traces of certain ambos in the paving of some Christian basilicas (Histria, Zaldapa) have been discovered, as well as a series of elements from balustrades, made of Proconnesus marble and decorated with Christian symbols (Tomis). This study underlines the presence of the axial, Constantinopolitan ambo, diffused mainly in the 6th century AD.

Quelques considérations sur la configuration de l’espace urbain dans la ville pré-moderne de Iași

The morphology analysis of the pre-modern town in the East-European space is encumbered by the lack of maps and zoning plans, as well as by the small quantity of preserved documentary sources. In the case of Iași, the Russian military maps of the 18th century, together with the General plan of Iași made by the French engineer Joseph Bayardi, creates the base for analysis, corroborated by the historical documentary sources recently edited. The general analysis we carry out considers the origins, emergence, evolution and distribution of the town quarters/cores, the streets configuration as well as the size, distribution and evolution of urban plots. The analysis uses both cartographic and documentary sources, supported by analogies with the similar situations in the rest of Moldavia, which are documented by archaeology, and in Central and Western Europe, when the analogy is appropriate

Aspetti della politica culturale di Costantino

The new institutional rule wanted by the Emperor Constantine called a direct intervention in public education. With the establishment of the new capital, Constantinople, there are schools and universities, as well as a public library, poles of attraction of the ducts of the time looking for sinecures and honors from the Emperor. Constantine in fact reward with important exemptions from munera professors and doctors, together with their closest relatives, in order to facilitate their professional duties.

Le phénomème funéraire dans le Paléolithique de l’Europe. La spiritualité de la déposition d’offrandes dans les tombeaux

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 5-80 Valentin-Codrin Chirica, Iași Institute of Archaeology, Romanian Academy – Iași branch, George Bodi, Iași Institute of Archaeology, Romanian Academy – Iași branch,  Vasile Chirica, Iași Institute of Archaeology, Romanian Academy – Iași branch,  ABSTRACT We can notice that the idea that we are trying to assign to prehistoric man, that is the sacredness condition, which represents a specific feature and is manifested by voluntary deeds and actions, such as the artistic creation and the funeral phenomenon, was a specific feature of the social life of prehistoric communities. Regarding the so various burial practices, understood as representative for the will of the community members, the social relations between them, a certain state of religiosity and continuity in the prehistoric environments, we try to differentiate between ritual space and sacred space; ritual space cannot be permanently equated, especially for the localizations of its manifestations, to the(…)

The East-West alignment in Neolithic on the South-Eastern Romania

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 81-91 Iharka Szücs-Csillik, Astronomical Observatory, Cluj-Napoca,  Alexandra Comșa, “Vasile Pârvan” Institute of Archaeology, Bucharest, ABSTRACT Alignment is a static orientation of some objects, or set of objects, in relation to others. In archaeoastronomy we can separate stone alignments (stone rows) and alignments connected with orientation (e.g. graves, or skeletons orientation). The object of our research is to emphasize the importance of orientation in the Neolithic time, which we can determine by using a magnetic compass. Our collected data led us to conclude that solar observation was the determinant of orientation. More particularly, the rising of the sun above the horizon and possibly, though less frequently, the setting sun, provided the alignment. It was possible to show a close correlation with sunrise, or sunset at feast days, that is, the day on which the venerated God was celebrated, at Easter and on true east, determined by(…)

Coping with the landscape: subsistence strategies of Late Bronze Age communities within the Bârlad basin, Eastern Romania

The article is a sequence of a wider research concerning Late Bronze Age habitat in the basin of the Bârlad river (Eastern part of Romania). Though there are known few similar papers, the novelty of this one is given by the detailed analysis, whose main result is obtaining a wider perspective on a less studied region. The starting point is the database that recorded the Noua culture’s sites from the specified region. From the purpuses of this article, I emphasise the identification of strategies used by Late Bronze Age communities to adapt to the peculiarities of the studied region.

Digitalizing paper documentation — on the example of an early Celtic settlement Altdorf „Am Friedhof” in Germany, in the program Arcview

Changing paper documentation into digital one, guarantees easy access and transmission of information about archaeological sites and helps in creating new, more accurate data, which was not possible previously . An Archaeological Information System (abbreviation AIS) created from the digitized paper documentation should be easy put to use, enables quick and effective management of previously collected materials, and should allow the comparison of analysis, description of features and inventory of artifacts . Digitalization should also permit the visualization of the results in an understandable and interesting way. The documentation presented here comes from site Altdorf „Am Friedhof” in Germany and was made in traditional way. During excavation archaeologist discovered an early Celtic settlement, along with numerous deposits of daub, bone and pottery . All finds were documented in three dimensions, which allowed the use of GIS during interpretation of the results. This paper presents, point by point, the steps of computing a paper documentation to a digital one, and then creating an Archaeological Information System of the archaeological site.

Note épigraphique sur les Valerii de l’inscription ISM V, 137

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 125-126 Lucrețiu Mihăilescu-Bîrliba, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, ABSTRACT The author presents a prosopographical note on Valerii mentioned in the inscription ISM V, 137 from Troesmis (Moesia Inferior), which consists in a list of freed soldiers at 134 AD. Autorul prezintă o notă prosopografică a persoanelor cu gentiliciul Valerius din inscripţia ISM V, 137 de la Troesmis (Moesia Inferior), inscripţie care conţine listă a militarilor lăsaţi la vatră în anul 134 p. Chr.   KEYWORDS Troesmis, legio V Macedonica, Valerii. FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

Militaries from Pannonia in the imperial fleet at Misenum and Ravenna (first-third centuries AD). Prosopographical aspects

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 127-160 Ionuț Acrudoae, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, ABSTRACT The Roman Imperial Navy from the first three centuries AD played a minor part from the military perspective, but from a social point of view, it helped in the incorporation of Barbarian populations in the Empire. The Pannonians represented a considerable percentage of the soldiers recruited in the fleet of Misenum and Ravenna during the Early Empire, among the Thracians, Dalmatians, Egyptians, or Syrians. In this case, our prosopographical analysis will underline the part taken by the Pannonians in the Roman Fleet, considerations about their ethnic or provincial origins, and some outlines of social, military, and demographical study. Flota imperială romană din primele trei secole p.Chr. a jucat un rol minor pe plan militar dar, din punct de vedere social, a ajutat la integrarea populaţiilor barbare în Imperiu. Pannonii au reprezentat, pe lângă thraci, dalmaţi,(…)