New information on roman monetary discoveries in the vicinity of the Tropaeum Traiani (com. Adamclisi, county Constanța) in the context of the second century AD

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 173-189 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-8 Gabriel Mircea TALMAȚCHI, Cristian CEALERA ABSTRACT The authors analyze a monetary hoard fragment found in 2012 that was only partially recovered. The hoard was located at a distance of approximately four km, in a straight line of the western gate of the Roman- Byzantine fortress Tropaeum Traiani. The 36 recovered coins are Roman Imperial denarii struck between the years 100 and 169/170 AD and belong to the following issuers: Traianus, Hadrianus, Antoninus Pius, Diva Faustina and Marcus Aurelius. If this structure given by the issuers respects the general composition of the hoard, it can be assumed that the hoard was hidden in the context of the events that developed in 170 AD, known as the military and robbery incursion lead by the Costoboci people in the Balkan Peninsula. Epigraphical and archaeological evidence regarding the impact of the incursion were found in Tropaeum(…)

Territorial modelling using Ancient viticulture parameters in Roman Times. A case study in the betic colony of Hasta Regia

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 147-171 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-7 Pedro TRAPERO FERNÁNDEZ ABSTRACT This article analyses the Roman viticulture in Hasta Regia colony, southwest of the Iberian Peninsula, as an ideal place to model historical and economic conditioning factors of this activity. We propose a model that includes an analysis of the territory, the “Riparian” resources necessary for the vineyard, the conditioning factors of the ancient vineyard and finally the economic implications that derive from it. The method allows us to get closer to the management of this economic reality, as well as being able to check whether the various estimates are correct.   KEYWORDS ancient viticulture, GIS analysis, Hasta Regia colony, quantitative method   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

Manipulating the Past: Antiquarian Comments in Cicero’s De Haruspicum responso

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 133-145 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-6 Konstantinos ARAMPAPASLIS ABSTRACT This article identifies antiquarian excerpts in De Haruspicum responso and discusses their function with respect to Cicero’s argumentation. The arrangement of the material by subject aptly illustrates how thematically connected passages can serve multiple purposes within individual arguments. The analysis of each passage reveals Cicero’s manipulation of antiquarian information with the intention of tarnishing Clodius’ image or extoling himself and the senate. Through the implicit comparison with the actions and customs of the ancestors, the orator further achieves a broader goal, i.e. to sketch his opponent as a public enemy and himself as a statesman in defense of the respublica. All these excerpts gradually serve the main purpose of successfully elevating his personal case into a matter of state significance.   KEYWORDS antiquarianism, rhetoric, Cicero, De haruspicum responso, manipulation, Clodius Pulcher   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

Arse-Saguntum, la ciudad de los dos nombres

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 109-132 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-5 María José ESTARÁN TOLOSA ABSTRACT One of the most notable features of ancient Sagunto (Valencia) is its toponymic duality, especially remarkable in coin legends from the 130s BCE onwards, which is an exceptional fact for Hispania Citerior, in both qualitative and quantitative terms. Both toponyms, Arse and Saguntum, are not simultaneously attested in other sources: they are virtually absent in Republican epigraphy and literature only mentions the second one, in diverse variants. This paper analyses the data relative to this double toponymy in order to historically contextualize this phenomenon, linking it with the Latinization of the city and its explicit movements towards Rome during the 2nd and 1st centuries BCE, a process that we propose to articulate in four main milestones, according to the preserved documents. Besides, this paper offers an explanation to the prevalence of the toponym Saguntum (of local origin(…)

Alieni in Corduba, Colonia Patricia: desde la fundación de la ciudad hasta la Antigüedad tardía

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 65-108 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-4 José ORTIZ CÓRDOBA ABSTRACT This paper aims to provide an overview of the immigration of extra-Peninsular origin recorded in Colonia Patricia (Córdoba, Spain) based on the analysis of the available literary and epigraphic documentation. Starting from the foundation of the Roman city and its subsequent conversion into a colonia civium Romanorum, we will carry out an analysis of those individuals who, from the 2nd century BC, arrived in the city from non- Hispanic territories. We will deal with important aspects such as the regions and cities of origin of these immigrants, their professional occupations, the causes that determined their mobility and the activity they developed in Corduba after their arrival. Chronologically, our contribution covers the long period of time between the foundation of Corduba in the 2nd century BC by the consul M. Claudius Marcellus and the 5th century AD, which is(…)

Spartan King Agesilaus and the Case of Sphodrias

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 47-64 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-3 Larisa PECHATNOVA ABSTRACT The article explores the tradition about the unsuccessful attempt of the Spartan harmost Sphodrias to capture Piraeus in 378 BC. Since Sphodrias acted without an order, in Sparta he was brought to trial as a state offender. He owed his acquittal solely to king Agesilaus. The analysis of the tradition of Sphodrias’ trial leads the author to the conclusion that Agesilaus controlled the entire administration of Sparta, including the judicial panel. In Sphodrias’ trial the opinion of one person – Agesilaus – decided the outcome of the vote. The acquittal of Sphodrias initiated by Agesilaus is a weighty testimony to the great authority which this king possessed in the first decades of the 4th century BC (before the battle of Leuctra).   KEYWORDS Agesilaus, Cleombrotus, Sphodrias, Phoebidas, Xenophon, Diodorus, Plutarch, Sparta, Thebes   FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

The Israelite-Judaean Military Service in the Armies of Assyria

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 33–46 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-2 Haggai OLSHANETSKY ABSTRACT The Israelite-Judaean Military Service in the Armies of Assyria has not been fully discussed, and this article is an attempt to offer a fuller picture of this phenomenon. This article is composed of two parts. The first will concentrate and discuss all the evidence we have for Israelite and Judaean units that were absorbed into the Assyrian army, which will be used as a foundation for the second half of the article. All this will attempt to show that the inscription detailing the Assyrian capture of 200 Israeli chariots, rather than 50 as is written in another inscription, is the more accurate one, and then discuss the implications of such a conclusion. The second part is the first attempt to concentrate all the names of possible Assyrian soldiers who are of Israelite and/or Judaean origin. The first and second(…)

Archaeometric Studies in The Aegean (30000-3000 BC and 800-200 BC): A review

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 27(1): 1–32 DOI: 10.47743/saa-2021-27-1-1 Ioannis LIRITZIS, Artemios OIKONOMO ABSTRACT The present paper constitutes a review of the archaeometric (or archaeological sciences) studies focusing on the area of Aegean between 30000 and 3000 BC., alongside a focus on the area of Dodecanese islands (SE Aegean) for the period from 800 to 200 BC. This systematic work is part of a project (2012-2013) that aimed to create a database including metadata related to the diachronic habitation in Aegean. The current review is classified into nine broad categories, namely Chemical Analysis, Dating Techniques, Palaeoenvironment, aDNA Analysis, Archaeomagnetism, Isotopic Analysis, Restoration and Conservation and Geophysical studies. This interdisciplinary review serves as a useful guide to a significant academic discipline, that of archaeological sciences, which is progressively advanced in methods, techniques and major applications. Delving into the material culture offers valuable information to the deciphering of the human prehistoric and historic(…)

The underlying emotional background of quaternary palaeontology: nostalgia and Ubi sunt in a postdictive science

This short essay aims to provide insight into the emotional background underlying Quaternary palaeontology and encourage scholars to thoroughly discuss the psychological determining factors behind its practice. The nostalgia for past times and the feeling of loss of a world that will never return are the emotional landmark of Quaternary palaeontology. Due to its taste for perished things and nostalgic turn into the past, Quaternary palaeontology participates in the bias of the pagan version of the Ubi sunt elegiac motif. While this work specifically concerns Quaternary palaeontology, it can probably serve as a guide to reveal the perceptions and motivations behind other sciences.

Mining Data on the Spread of Early Metallurgy: Revisiting the Carpathian Hypothesis with Ancient Genomes

This study presents results relevant to understanding the spread of early metallurgy obtained by extracting patterns from a dataset of ancient genomes. It finds that, conservatively, the spread of metallurgy into Italy Remedello Chalcolithic culture can be linked to a probably Bulgaria Chalcolithic-shifted population represented by the genome of an individual associated with Bodrogkeresztúr pottery in Romania. Also conservatively, either a population related to this sample or to populations sampled from the Chalcolithic era Great Hungarian Plain can be associated with Italy North Bell Beakers and some Bell Beakers in France. Traces the samples examined have left give a sense of the geographical spread of the populations they represent. This paper illustrates the use of a data mining technique to support archaeological and humanistic inquiries on cultural developments.

The Cucuteni A-B settlement of Băiceni – Dâmbul Morii. History of research.

The research of the settlement from Băiceni – Dâmbul Morii (known in the archaeological literature as Cucuteni – Dâmbul Morii) is closely related to the excavations carried out in the eponymous site of Cucuteni-Cetățuia. The first mention, under the name of “Settlement in the valley”, was made by the German scientist Hubert Schmidt, the author of the first monograph dedicated to the Cucuteni culture. The research carried out during several campaigns, in three sectors called A, B, and C, made important
contributions in establishing the periodization of the Cucuteni A-B phase. Eight dwellings and a defensive ditch were investigated. The already known information regarding the settlement from Dâmbul Morii was completed by applying modern research techniques (geophysical surveys).