LATEST ARTICLES IN STUDIA ANTIQUA ET ARCHAEOLOGICA

Particular commemoration habits of the middle class from Roman Dacia

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 195-211 Rada Varga, Centre for Roman Studies, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, ABSTRACT The current research focuses on a very specific class of funerary monuments from province Dacia: those in which absolutely no professional, social or status mentioning existed for neither deceased nor commemorator. The characters thus registered mainly represent part of what we would define as the economical and social middle class of the provincial society. Without being totally out of borders, their epigraphic behaviour is slightly different from that of other groups, classes or categories registered so far, underlining once again the necessity of a flexible and manifold approach when studying the layers of Roman society. L’objet de la présente étude est constitué par une catégorie particulière des monuments funéraires de la province romaine de la Dacie: ceux qui ne mentionnent aucun détail professionnel, social ou de statut concernant le défunt ou les personnes s’étant(…)

Les gentilices italiques en Dacie romaine

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 213-244 Raluca Dragostin, University of Bucharest, ABSTRACT The author analysis not only the Italian names in Roman Dacia, but also the manner in which their bearers have come in this province. She has distinguished four categories of such gentilicia, taking into account the historical circumstances which allowed the penetration of Italic gentilicia in this province: – gentilicia directly related to colonization in the time of founding of the province Dacia; – gentilicia related to interprovincial immigration; – gentilicia adopted by the population of Dacia by juridical reasons; – gentilicia brought by soldiers and officials of Roman administration in Dacia. Like in case of imperial gentilicia, the onomastic study of Italic gentilicia does not allow an comparative approach (the proportion between the native population and the immigrants). Even that for a considerable number of Italic gentilicia bearers, we cannot state from where and how they came(…)

Women and « oriental » cults in Roman Dacia

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 245-279 Juan Ramón Carbó García, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, ABSTRACT An analysis of female religious preferences in the context of the cults of eastern origin is performed on these pages because of the need for specific studies on cults preferred by each social group in the provincial life of Roman Dacia. It should be a contribution to the objective of achieving a better perspective and understanding of the followers of each cult and the general structure of the religious life in the Dacian provinces. Autorul prezintă o analiză a preferinţelor religioase ale femeilor din Dacia romană în contextul cultelor de origine orientală. Articolul se poate dovedi util în perspectiva unei mai bune înţelegeri a practicanţilor fiecărui cult în parte şi a structurii generale a vieţii religioase din provinciile dacice.   KEYWORDS women, Dacia, society, religion, oriental cults, Cybele, Isis, Azizos, Deus Aeternus FULL(…)

Qualche considerazione sugli oggetti di lusso ad Apulum. A proposito di una recente mostra e del suo catalogo

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 281-300 Maurizio Buora, Società Friulana di Archeologia, ABSTRACT The author realizes a critical discussion on a recent exhibition catalogue about luxury objects at Apulum. Autorul analizează critic un recent catalog de expoziţie despre obiectele de lux de la Apulum.   KEYWORDS Roman luxury objects, Roman Dacia, Apulum FULL ARTICLE Download PDF (free)

Truth or eloquence in the works of Latin Christian writers of 2nd-3rd centuries?

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 301-317 Tincuța Cloșcă, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iaşi, ABSTRACT To the bloody persecutions applied by the Roman Empire to the Christians were added to the attacks the Christians had to take from the representatives of the contemporary culture and especially from the sophist oratory. This cultural offensive led to a new issue, that is, the way in which the religious truths (acquired by reading, studying and understanding the Bible) were supposed to be revealed. Therefore, the Christian writers tried to state some ”theories and paradigms”, regarding the way the truths of faith should be revealed to an audience, educated not only according to the standards and the norms of the Greek education, but also in a corrupt way, according to the speeches of profan orators. This is why, we intend to emphasize the attitude of the Latin Fathers of the Church from the 2nd(…)

Notes on the “African Red Slip Ware” ceramics in Scythia Minor

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 319-340 Marian Mocanu, Institute of Eco-Museal Researches, Tulcea, ABSTRACT In the following, we shall focus on the tableware ceramic produced in the workshops located within the contemporary Tunisia and which was traded up to Danube. This article aims to show the results of archaeological research undertaken in the last decades in the Roman sites from Dobrogea, Romania. In our work to make the inventory of the forms of the “African Red Slip Ware” tableware, discovered in Scythia Minor, we identified 20 forms, some of which, especially those from the 5th and the 6th century, were found in many variants. The earliest one is the Hayes form 27 from the second half of the 2nd century, and the latest one is the Hayes form 105, dated in the first half of the 7th century. Following the discoveries of tableware imported from the North Africa to Scythia(…)

Amm. Marcell. 15.5.23: una nuova ipotesi sul significato di un frammento attribuito all’Hortensius di Cicerone

Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 18(1): 341-349 Constantin-Ionuț Mihai, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, ABSTRACT The excerpt from Ammianus Marcellinus, Res gestae 15.5.23, where the Roman historian reproduces one of Cicero’s sayings, without mentioning its reference, was considered by Alberto Grilli to belong to the dialogue Hortensius. Though the Italian philologist had identified in this excerpt a series of motives common to other fragments from this dialogue (as for example the varietas fortunae or the critical analysis of the false goods which are not in our power), his interpretation remained a singular one. Until now no other scholar had supported Grilli’s interpretation. The quarrel of interpretations regarding this passage will be the starting point of this article in which I will try to advance a new reading of the excerpt from Res gestae 15.5.23 (= Hort. fr. 63 Grilli). The new reading will be done from the perspective of the(…)